It is well known to the world that the biggest archipelagic country has Pancasila as the official and foundational ideology of the Indonesian state. Pancasila is not just a word that embodies as state’s law instrument but the five principles are very important to Indonesians as they represent the country’s national ideology and identity. The importance of Pancasila was not just admitted by Indonesians only, as stated by Associate Professor Greg Fealy of the Australian National University, the Pancasila has an almost sacred status both to Indonesians and neighboring countries, like Australian themselves because they respected each other vision and sovereignty.
Pancasila is made up of two Old Javanese words, “panca” meaning five, and “sila” meaning principles. Pancasila was first spoken about by Indonesian nationalist leader Soekarno in 1945, just before the country’s independence. Soekarno argued the country should be based on these five principles, which are: (1) Belief in the One and Only God, (2) A just and civilized humanity, (3) A unified Indonesia, (4) Democracy, under the wise guidance of representative of the People, (5) Social justice for all Indonesians. All these principles have been recited and taught to all Indonesians since they entered school age. When the five principles of Pancasila translated in people’s daily activity in Indonesia, it is clear that Pancasila has guide the Indonesian people to build a peaceful nation.
Although we all know that Indonesia is a multicultural country with different culture, language and religion possessed by the nation; there is no entity that is higher or better than the other. As stated clearly in the fifth principle, Indonesia has guaranteed an equal social justice for all Indonesian citizens, regardless their background and identity. Pancasila is also a reflection of Indonesian society’s optimism in building stronger nation together because we have common goals that glued the nation. Based on Pancasila, it is confirmed that the orientation of Indonesian ideology is never built upon fascism or communism; worshiping racial superiority, romanticizing certain religion or classified groups based on power. Indonesia and its Pancasila are present not to negate or demean other civilizations, but to be one of the pillars that contribute to the peacebuilding of world civilization.